According to The New York Times, the White House is set to unveil rules that would further restrict access to advanced computing technology in China that could be used by its military.
The new measures, which are expected to be announced this week, are intended to limit Beijing’s ability to produce advanced weapons and surveillance systems.
The new rules would expand on restrictions imposed by the Trump administration in 2019 that prohibit companies from selling US-developed technologies to smartphone manufacturer Huawei.
According to the New York Times, President Biden is planning to impose similar restrictions on additional Chinese firms, government research labs, and other entities. Companies all over the world would be barred from selling any American-made technology to the targeted organizations.
According to Reuters, the White House may try to limit sales of advanced US-made tools to China’s semiconductor industry. It may also restrict American microchip exports to advanced Chinese supercomputing and data centers.
The measures may have an impact not only on the government, but also on academic institutions and internet companies such as Alibaba and Tencent.
While the United States has the highest performance in the Top500 supercomputer list, China has the most systems. If implemented, the new US restrictions would be the most significant effort to counter China’s ability to build supercomputers and data centers.
While most supercomputing applications are benign, some are malicious, such as weapon development or surveillance. In one case, a supercomputer built with Intel and NVIDIA chips was used to monitor the country’s minority Uyghurs.
In an SEC filing last month, NVIDIA revealed that the US government was restricting sales of computer chips used in supercomputers and AI to both Russia and China.